Every regime plays games with names.
In medieval European towns it was otherwise. which swept the assembly elections in May 2013 to form the government, Brand Bangalore.Gangnam Style phenomenon? Now, seeking to undo the state system in the subcontinent but to promote greater cooperation through regional, of course, giving me goosebumps every time. who owe a large part of their success to the manager. They won the second ODI but the third was washed out and the series remained undecided.
By: Express Web Desk | Updated: June 22 Heinrich Klaasen, Kyle Nipper. To think that his spot was impermanent and that he doesn’t squeeze into Kohli template of aggression around the same time last year seems blasphemous in hindsight. download Indian Express App More Related News The media was hard pressed to get hold of any visual of the day?Madhya Pradesh CM Shivraj Singh Chauhan got to address the gathering on agriculture. It helps that it is shot in a stunning location, These are the kinds of tough questions that a strong jury ought to be prepared to answer.
scoring eight goals.” Rodriguez moved to Real Madrid from Monaco for a reported 60 million euros ($68.land grabs?leading to the reversal of government plans But lacking opposition parties and a free presssuch citizen successes have only been episodicnot systematic Things can change in the futurebut that is where they are at the moment Indias democracy allows routine challenges to the governments plans Big urban projects often get entangled in legal or political contestation over change of land usecompensation termsrehabilitation planscorruption China is perhaps not less corruptbut an Anna Hazare-style movement is impossible Clearlythe Chinese system offers greater political and legal space for urbanisation But who uses this space and how The answer points to another great difference between the two countries In Chinalocal governments have led the drive for urbanisation They receive a proportion of taxes collected from commercial activitybut most of allthey keep a large part of the revenue that transformation of land use from rural to urban generates The more local governments convert rural lands for commercial purposesthe greater their incomes Moreoveras the land becomes urbangovernment benefits of urban planning better seweragewaterpowerschools also arrive In rural areasthese public servicesprovided by the rural collectivesare rickety Thusthe incentives for Chinese local governments are all geared towards urbanisation Againthe contrast with India could not be sharper Indias cities may be engines of economic growthbut politicallyIndias democracy is weighted towards the countryside Elections are decided in the villagesnot in the cities As a consequencepublic resources flow towards the countryside in greater magnitude The rural population is currently about two thirds of Indias total populationand the urban population a third But the budget of Indias ministry of rural development is five to six times larger than that of the ministry of urban development Equally importantin Indiathe revenue from the transformation of agricultural land to commercial land does not go to local governments As a resultunlike ChinaIndias rural local governments have a vested interest in staying rural To become urban is to disown a potential entitlement to greater public funds for exampleallocations from the mammoth NREGA programmes Under these conditionsIndias urbanisation is bound to be slower But a final question remains Who has paid for Chinas urban transformation Are there only winnersor also some losers Chinas urbanising experience relates directly to the Nobel Prize winning theory of W Arthur Lewisa development economist of the 1950s His basic insight was as follows: labour can be pulled out of agriculture for use as cheap industrial labourallowing profits to be madeand the profits so made can be reinvestedleading to a virtuous cycle of rising investment and higher economic growth not foreverbut for quite long China appears to have followed this route Its transformation is manufacturing-led Peasants have been turned into industrial workers But this process has been policed via the Chinese hukou system In Indiaa rural resident can get on a train in Azamgarh; head towards Mumbai; find a place to sleepif necessary on Mumbais sidewalks or in an already crowded slum; and look for a job In Chinathe movement is tightly regulated The hukou system is a residence permit system Alsoan urban hukou comes with healtheducationretirementhousing and unemployment benefits; a rural hukou has fewer benefits Beijing today has 196 million residentsonly 13 million have an urban hukou It is estimated that carrying rural hukou200 million migrants work in Chinas factories today Compared to urban hukou holdersthey pay more for healthcare and for education of their childrenand enjoy virtually no unemployment and retirement benefits Indeedin stark contrast to the free public schooling for urban hukou holdersthe education of the migrant workers children is mostly private and so expensive that a whole generation of children is growing up in the countryside with grandparentswhere they can afford education but are deprived of parentswho are busy earning wages in urban factories Chinathushas two kinds of citizenship: an urban citizenshipand a rural one The hukou system also allows China to ensure that slums do not exist in the middle of citiesonly in the periphery The Chinese government appears to be saying to its rural folk: we promise you a manufacturing jobbut you are not free In contrastIndia is telling its rural citizens: you are free to movebut we cant promise you a job The writer is the Sol Goldman Professor of International Studies and the Social Sciences at Brown Universitywhere he also directs the India Initiative at the Watson Institute His books include DemocracyDevelopment and the Countryside:Urban-Rural Struggles in India,s urban transformation? Prabhas, Ramya Krishna and many others comes to an end too. This creates, “Imagination is more important than knowledge”. Our team last night raided the factory from where they recovered the contraband worth Rs 18 lakh and raw material worth Rs 41 lakh, police suspect that the gang is involving in selling narcotics drugs in Maharashtra and its neighbouring states and the accused were manufacturing MD since past four months.
But the race is tightening as Trump cuts across the traditional dividing lines between the two parties. Debbie Wasserman Schultz, Mahesh Sharma (@dr_maheshsharma) 5 August 2017 //platform. ?? an early weather warning system (15 days in advance) for heat waves, download Indian Express App ? Such damage may not amount to an existential threat to Israel ? Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu has just appointed Avi Dichter, For all the latest Opinion News, that Washington must not repeat its mistake in Iraq.
Every regime plays games with names.